Blood pressure is generally defined as the pressure placed on the walls of the arteries as blood passes through them. Diuretics, which are also sometimes called “water pills,” are a class of drug designed to help lower blood pressure. They are often prescribed in conjunction with other medications, a change in diet, and an exercise regimen. Get suggestions from bpmonitor advisor for blood pressure monitors.
The Function of Diuretics
While there are four main types of diuretics, says WebMD, they all have one main function: to eliminate water from the body. While salt attracts extra water into the blood stream, which has the effect of raising the blood pressure, diuretics do the opposite. They keep the kidneys from reabsorbing water and sodium (or salt) from urine before it passes out of the body. Because the water volume in a person’s system depends directly upon how much sodium is present, when the sodium leaves the system, so does the excess water, according to Dr. David Williams.
Some Words of Caution
While diuretics are a commonly prescribed, inexpensive and effective way to combat high blood pressure, they are not without side effects and other drawbacks. Diuretics may cause a loss of too much of certain key minerals from the system, including sodium, potassium and magnesium. Losing too much sodium can cause a lightheaded sensation or fainting, fits, temporary muscle weakness on one side of the body, or falls. The loss of too much potassium may cause irritability and fatigue, an irregular heartbeat, or in the worst case, heart failure. Dr. David Williams recommends taking a potassium supplement while using the diuretic. Keeping magnesium levels within a normal range is important to prevent heart disease, heart attack and high blood pressure. Upping magnesium intake can even eliminate symptoms of mitral valve prolapsed and arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat. Another complication that can arise from using diuretics is an increase in the body’s level of uric acid. An overage can trigger problems with gout. Diuretics can also negatively affect cholesterol levels and bladder control, inflame the gallbladder and pancreas, cause deafness or diabetes mellitus, and their use may be linked to kidney cancer. Users should ask the prescribing doctor what can be done to ensure proper levels of critical minerals.
Everyone always enjoys being outdoors during the summer season. It’s a great time to spend with family and friends doing all sorts of fun things, from swimming to cookouts to taking exciting trips. But while having fun may be a top priority, something that should take precedence over that is making sure that you’re doing everything you can to protect yourself and stay safe. Here is some of the best advice to follow while being outdoors during the summer.
Protect Your Skin
This is perhaps one of the most important things that you can do while being outdoors. While most people automatically think of using sunscreen to protect themselves from the sun’s harmful rays, they often tend to forget about some of nature’s most annoying inhabitants – insects. Insect repellent is one of the most important items that you can invest in during the summer. Spray this on both yourself and other members of your family while you’re outdoors, and you’ve got the most surefire way of making sure the bugs won’t bite you!
Keep an Eye on the Forecast
This is another important factor that you will want to make note of as well. You never want to be caught outdoors when it’s either going to be too extremely hot or if there will be an unexpected rain shower. If you find that the temperature will be rather high, make sure that you’re adequately prepared with sunscreen, plenty of water, and other similar items to ensure that you and your family are both protected and well hydrated. On the other hand, if warnings of any kind are issued, the best advice would be to remain indoors and stay cool.
Practice First Aid
All of that summer fun can unfortunately lead to something bad happening, although we don’t like to think about that taking place. This means that it’s important that you brush up on your first aid skills as much as you can. For instance, spend some time learning about the signs of drowning, refresh your CPR skills, and even pick up a basic first aid kit for whenever you plan on traveling anywhere. It also wouldn’t be a bad idea to print out a couple of emergency manuals from some online resources to help you remain aware of what you’re doing.
Always Keep Yourself Cool
We all know that during the summer, it’s highly likely to get extremely hot outside. During this time, you should always consider contacting your local heating and cooling company to give your air conditioner a checkup to help make sure that everything is working properly. On the other hand, if you do choose to go outdoors while it’s hot, such as while exercising, always make sure that you keep yourself hydrated regularly with a cold bottle of water. Furthermore, you should also know exactly where the best spots in your area are where you can go to cool off if you need to do so.